Checklist of Hungarian Bruchinae Latreille, 1802 seed beetles

Chrysomelidae (Bruchinae) (Earlier Bruchidae)

main reference

György, Z. & Merkl, O. (2005): Seed beetles preserved in the Savaria Museum, Hungary, with a National Checklist of the family (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) – Praenorica Folia Historico-Naturalia 8: 65–78  

The checklist contains the native species; inadvertently introduced and established species (*); and pests of stored legumes which have not been established but found at least once in Hungary (+). In the subsequent list, species without reference were listed by Kaszab (1967). Species recorded after 1967 are followed by a reference in which the species in question was first reported from Hungary. Hungarian names are proposed for all species.

Callosobruchus Pic, 1902

+ Callosobruchus chinensis (Linnaeus, 1758) – tehénborsó-zsizsik

+ Callosobruchus maculatus (Fabricius, 1775) – szójazsizsik

Bruchus Linnaeus, 1767

Bruchus affinis Frölich, 1799 – kis borsózsizsik

Bruchus atomarius (Linnaeus, 1761) – lednekzsizsik
= fahraei Gyllenhal, 1839

Bruchus brachialis Fahraeus, 1839 – laposlábú bükkönyzsizsik

Bruchus ervi Frölich, 1799 – elő-ázsiai lencsezsizsik
= sertatus Illiger, 1805

Bruchus lentis Frölich, 1799 – közönséges lencsezsizsik

Bruchus libanensis Zampetti, 1993: Jermy & Szentesi (2003) – nagy bükkönyzsizsik

Bruchus loti Paykull, 1800 – kerepzsizsik

Bruchus luteicornis Illiger, 1794 – kis bükkönyzsizsik

* Bruchus pisorum (Linnaeus, 1758) – közönséges borsózsizsik

Bruchus rufimanus Boheman, 1833 – lóbabzsizsik
= velutinus Mulsant et Rey, 1858

Bruchus rufipes Herbst, 1783 – hosszúkás bükkönyzsizsik
= nubilus Boheman, 1833

Bruchus occidentalis Lukjanovitsh et Ter-Minassian, 1957: Borowiec (1985) – nyugati zsizsik

Bruchus signaticornis Gyllenhal, 1833 – tarkacsápú zsizsik
= pallidicornis Boheman, 1833

Bruchus tristiculus Fahraeus, 1839 – szomorkás zsizsik

+ Bruchus ulicis Mulsant et Rey, 1858 – sülzanótzsizsik

Bruchus venustus Fahraeus, 1839 – simacombú bükkönyzsizsik

Bruchus viciae Olivier, 1795 – tarkahátú bükkönyzsizsik

Bruchidius Schilsky, 1905

Bruchidius bimaculatus (Olivier, 1795) – kétfoltos zsizsik

Bruchidius cinerascens (Gyllenhal, 1833) – iringózsizsik

Bruchidius cisti (Fabricius, 1775) – zanótzsizsik
= canus Germar, 1824
= debilis Gyllenhal, 1833
= unicolor Olivier, 1795

Bruchidius dispar (Gyllenhal, 1833) – foltos lóherezsizsik

Bruchidius glycyrhizae (Fahraeus, 1839) – édesgyökérzsizsik
= peregii Hajóss, 1937

Bruchidius imbricornis (Panzer, 1795) – kecskerutazsizsik

Bruchidius lividimanus (Gyllenhal, 1833) – sárgalábú zsizsik

Bruchidius marginalis (Fabricius, 1775) – szegélyes csüdfűzsizsik

Bruchidius species prope varius sensu Anton (2001): Merkl (1991) – sárgacsápú zsizsik
= martinezi of authors, not Allard, 1868

Bruchidius mulsanti (Brisout de Barneville, 1863): Borowiec (1985) – kerekded zsizsik

Bruchidius olivaceus (Germar, 1824) – baltacimzsizsik
= unicolor of authors, not Olivier, 1795

Bruchidius pauper (Boheman, 1829) – sárgakoronafürt-zsizsik

Bruchidius picipes (Germar, 1824) – sávosherezsizsik

Bruchidius poupillieri (Allard, 1868): Jermy & Szentesi (2003) – nyúlszapukazsizsik

Bruchidius pubicornis Lukjanovitsh et Ter-Minassian, 1957 – vékonylábú zsizsik

Bruchidius pusillus (Germar, 1824) – tarkakoronafürt-zsizsik

Bruchidius seminarius (Linnaeus, 1767) – csibelábzsizsik

Bruchidius sericatus (Germar, 1824) – piroslóhere-zsizsik

Bruchidius siliquastri (A. Delobel, 2007) – júdásfazsizsik

Bruchidius varipes (Boheman, 1839) – szürke csüdfűzsizsik

Bruchidius varius (Olivier, 1795) – közönséges lóherezsizsik

Bruchidius villosus (Fabricius, 1792) – seprőzanótzsizsik
= ater Marsham, 1802
= cisti Paykull, 1800, not Fabricius, 1775
= fasciatus of authors, not Olivier, 1795

Mimosestes Bridwell, 1946

+ Mimosestes mimosae (Fabricius, 1781) – akáciazsizsik

Acanthoscelides Schilsky, 1905

* Acanthoscelides obtectus (Say, 1831) – babzsizsik
= obsoletus of authors, not Say, 1831

* Acanthoscelides pallidipennis (Motschulsky, 1874): Wendt (1981) – gyalogakác-zsizsik
= seminulum Decelle, 1979, not Horn, 1831

Spermophagus Schönherr, 1833
= Euspermophagus Zacher, 1930

Spermophagus sericeus (Geoffroy, 1785) – selymes magfúró

Spermophagus calystegiae (Lukjanovitsh et Ter-Minassian, 1957): Wendt & Merkl (1986) – sövényszulák-magfúró

Pachymerus Thunberg, 1805

+ Pachymerus pallidus (Olivier, 1790) – földimogyoró-zsizsik
= acaciae Gyllenhal, 1833

Amblycerus Thunberg, 1815

+ Amblycerus robiniae (Fabricius, 1781): Merkl (2001) – szürke lepényfazsizsik

Megabruchidius Borowiec, 1984

*Megabruchidius tonkineus (Pic, 1904) Jermy et al. (2002) – tarka lepényfazsizsik
 *Megabruchidius dorsalis (Fahreus, 1839)  – foltoshátú lepényfazsizsik

Zabrotes Horn, 1885

 + Zabrotes subfasciatus (Boheman, 1833): Jávor (1990) – brazíliai babzsizsik

Knowledge of Hungarian Bruchidae

The most comprehensive publication on the seed beetles of Hungary is a volume of the series of Fauna Hungariae by Kaszab (1967). In this faunal work two subfamilies, seven genera, 57 species and 13 infrasubspecific taxa were mentioned to occur in the Carpathian Basin – or more exactly, in the „historical” Hungary, which was much larger before 1918 than our present-day country. Since then, Bruchela Dejean, 1821 (= Urodon Schönherr, 1823) was removed from Bruchidae  and transferred to the family Anthribidae or a family of its own. Of the remaining taxa, 6 genera and 36 species were stated to occur in present-day Hungary by Kaszab (1967), including Bruchidius picipes (Germar, 1824) and Bruchidius pusillus (Germar, 1824), which were treated as infrasubspecific “aberrations” of Bruchidius seminarius (Linnaeus, 1767). Further species were recorded by Borowiec (1985), Jávor (1990), Jermy & Szentesi (2003), Jermy et al. (2002), Merkl (1991, 2001), Wendt (1981) and Wendt & Merkl (1986, 1999).

I revised the whole seed beetle material housed in the Hungarian Natural History Museum (Budapest), which served as the basis of Kaszab’s (1967) work. As a result, the following three species need some remarks.

Bruchidius lividimanus (Gyllenhal, 1833) – Kaszab (1967) mentioned several localities of this species from Hungary, but the specimens on which these records were based, actually belong to B. seminarius (Linnaeus, 1767) and B. mulsanti (Brisout de Barneville, 1863). Kaszab listed three infrasubspecific names (aberrations) of this species, and 19 of the specimens determined as „ab. retamae Vogel” proved to be true B. lividimanus. Further specimens were found in the material of the Savaria Museum (see above).

Bruchidius „species prope varius”– Merkl (1991) and Borowiec & Merkl (1993) first reported this species under the name Bruchidius martinezi (Allard, 1868), based on specimens determined by Lech Borowiec in 1990. However, according to Anton (2001), B. martinezi is a species of southwestern Mediterranean distribution, which does not occur in Hungary. The closely related species found in our country is still unidentified. Anton (2001) tentatively used the name Bruchidius species prope varius.

Bruchidius pauper (Boheman, 1829) – Kaszab (1967) reported this species from Budapest and Pécs, based on  a male and a female specimen, respectively. However, these are misidentified specimens of Bruchidius olivaceus (Germar, 1824). Nevertheless, Bruchidius pauper cannot be deleted from our faunal list, because it does occur in present-day Hungary (Jermy & Szentesi 2003). Two specimens are deposited in the Hungarian Natural History Museum, which were reared from pods of Coronilla coronata collected in Nagykovácsi (3.IX.1983, leg. Árpád Szentesi, det. Klaus-Werner Anton; 17.VIII.2004, leg. and det. Tibor Jermy). After checking the original specimens, the following eight species should be deleted from the faunal list of Hungary.

Bruchidius astragali (Boheman, 1829) was mentioned by Borowiec & Anton (1993) and Kaszab (1967), but no exact locality was given, and original specimens are not available. Occurrence of this East-Mediterranean-Pontian species in Hungary is quite unlikely.

Bruchidius foveolatus (Gyllenhal, 1833) was mentioned by Kaszab (1967) from Pécs, Simontornya and Siófok. Original specimens from the first two localities are unavailable, and the reliability of the specimen from Siófok is highly doubtful.

Bruchidius longulus Schilsky, 1905 was mentioned by Kaszab (1967) under the synonymous name Bruchidius longus Pic, 1913 from Budapest, but no original specimen is available. Occurrence of this Mediterranean species in Hungary is pretty unlikely.

Bruchidius murinus Boheman, 1829 was mentioned by Kaszab (1967) from the Mecsek Mts, but no original specimen is available.

Bruchidius pygmaeus (Boheman, 1833) was mentioned by (Kaszab 1967) under the name Bruchidius perparvulus (Boheman, 1833) as „fairly rare in the drier steppic slopes of Transdanubia”. However, all specimens proved to be Bruchidius villosus (Fabricius, 1792) (checked by L. Borowiec in 1983).

Bruchidius tibialis Boheman, 1929 was mentioned by Wendt & Merkl (1999) from the Aggtelek National Park (Jósvafő: Nagy-oldal), but the record is based on a misidentified specimen of Bruchidius pubicornis Lukjanovitsh et Ter-Minassian, 1957 (checked by Z. György in 2004).

Bruchus griseomaculatus Gyllenhal, 1833 was mentioned by Anton (1991, 1994), Boroviec (1988) and Kaszab 1967), but original specimens are unavailable, except one specimen, which has two labels with the text „Pest 1859. J. Frivaldszky” and „griseomaculatus Ch. Bris.”, respectively. However, this is not conspecific with true Bruchus griseomaculatus. It has not been identified as yet, but probably belongs to Bruchus luteicornis Illiger, 1794 (checked by Z. György and T. Jermy in 2005). Anton (2001) also emphasises that occurrence of Bruchus griseomaculatus in Hungary is doubtful.

Spermophagus kuesteri Schilsky, 1905 was mentioned by Kaszab (1967) from Budapest and Szentes, but the original specimens belong to Spermophagus sericeus (Geoffroy, 1785) (checked by Z. György in 2004).

In the subsequent list, species without reference were listed by Kaszab (1967). Species recorded after 1967 are followed by a reference in which the species in question was first reported from Hungary. Hungarian names are proposed for all species.

In the subsequent list, species without reference were listed by Kaszab (1967).Species recorded after 1967 are followed by a reference in which the species in question was first reported from Hungary. Hungarian names are proposed for all species.


Anton, K.-W. (1991): Neuzumeldende Samenkäfer-Arten für Mitteleuropa (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). – Mitteilungen der Entomologischen Gesellschaft Basel 41(2–3): 97–100.

Anton, K.-W. (1994): 89. Familie: Bruchidae. – In: Lohse, G. A. & Lucht, W. H. (eds): Die Käfer Mitteleuropas. 3. Supplementband mit Katalogteil. Goecke & Evers, Krefeld, pp. 143–151.

Anton, K.-W. (2001): Bemerkungen zur Faunistik und Taxonomie mitteleuropäischer Samenkäfer (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). – Folia entomologica hungarica 62: 43-49.

Borowiec, L. (1985): New synonyms and new distributional data of Palearctic seed-beetles (Coleoptera, Bruchidae). – Polskie Pismo Entomologyczne 55(1): 205–207.

Borowiec, L. (1988): Bruchidae Strąkowce (Insecta: Coleoptera). Fauna Polski (Fauna Poloniae), Tom. 11. – Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Warszawa, 226 pp.

Borowiec, L. & Anton, K.-W. (1993): Materials to knowledge of seed beetles of the Mediterranean Subregion (Coleoptera, Bruchidae). – Annals of Upper Silesian Museum, Entomology 4: 99–152.

Borowiec, L. & Merkl, O. (1993): Bruchidae (Coleoptera) of the Bükk National Park. – In: Mahunka, S. (ed.): The Fauna of the Bükk National Park, I. Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest, pp. 153–155. Nincs idézve!

Cox, M. L. (2001): Notes on the natural history, distribution and identification of seed beetles (Bruchidae) of Britain and Ireland. – The Coleopterist 9(3): 113–147.

Jávor, I. (1990): Család: Zsizsikek – Bruchidae. [Family: Seed beetles – Bruchidae.] – In: Jermy, T. & Balázs, K. (eds): A növényvédelmi állattan kézikönyve 3/B. [Handbook of zoology in relation to plant protection.] Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, pp. 339–364.

Jermy, T. & Szentesi, Á. (2003): Evolutionary aspects of host plant specialisation – a study on bruchids (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). – Oikos 101: 196–204.

Jermy, T., Szentesi, Á. & Anton, K.-W. (2002): Megabruchidius tonkineus (Pic, 1904) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) first found in Hungary. – Folia entomologica hungarica 63: 49–51.

Kaszab, Z. (1967): Zsizsikfélék-Bruchidae. – In: Magyarország Állatvilága (Fauna Hungariae), 9, 7. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, 34 pp.

Merkl, O. (1991): Reassessment of the beetle fauna of Bátorliget, NE Hungary (Coleoptera). – In: Mahunka, S. (ed.): The Bátorliget Nature Reserves – after forty years. Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest, pp. 381–498.

Merkl, O. (2001): A kitinpáncél védelmében. [Protected by chitin armour.] – Élővilág 11: 3, 10–28.

Strejček, J. (1990): Brouci čeledi Bruchidae, Urodonidae a Anthribidae. – Academia, Praha, 87 pp.

Wendt, H. (1981): Eine für Südost-Europa neue Samenkäfer-Art (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). – Folia entomologica hungarica 34: 223–226.

Wendt, H. & Merkl, O. (1986): Bruchidae and Bruchelidae of the Kiskunság National Park (Coleoptera). – In: Mahunka, S. (ed.): The Fauna of the Kiskunság National Park, 1. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, pp. 187–189.

Wendt, H.& Merkl, O. (1999): Bruchidae and Bruchelidae (Coleoptera) from the Aggtelek National Park.. – In: Mahunka, S. (ed.): The Fauna of the Aggtelek National Park, 1. Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest, pp. 289–290.

Copyright © 2009. György Zoltán